Careers in Veterinary Science
Veterinary Science deals with the diagnosis, treatment and cure of different diseases in birds and animals. The prime responsibility of a veterinarian or a doctor of animals' is to look after the health and welfare of the animals that includes the breeding and scientific handling of livestock. Veterinarians can choose to work in urban areas, where the work would mostly include the care and handling of domestic pets, but most of themwork with the government's animal husbandry departments in rural destinations.
To be eligible for the Bachelor's in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) course, a candidate should have passed the class 12 examination with science subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Admission to most veterinary courses is made on the basis of entrance examination conducted by the concerned universities. Veterinary Council of India conducts an 'All India Common Entrance examination' (AICEE) for admission to Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (BVSc & AH) degree course. The duration of the BVSc & AH varies from four and a half years to five years, including the period of internship. For admission to master degree programme, an All India Entrance Examination is conducted by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR). The Postgraduate course in Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc.) is a 2 year course and the candidate has the option to specialize in areas like medicine, surgery, anatomy, bacteriology, biochemistry, cardiology, dermatology, microbiology, molecular biology, anaesthesia, gynaecology, pathology, toxicology, virology pharmacology, etc.
Career Prospects in Veterinary Sciences
Veterinarians can choose to work with the government animal husbandry departments, poultry farms, dairy farms, sheep and rabbit farms, piggery farms race clubs, stud farms, private and government veterinary hospitals and clinics. Dairy research institutes also require the services of veterinarians. Private practices of vets can flourish very well in urban areas. The Defense Services use horses, dogs, camels, etc. and therefore need the services of veterinarians. Various zoological research institutes employ veterinarians to conduct research and development in various departments. A veterinary doctor can work in the following sectors:
Private Practice:- Veterinary doctors in urban areas can set up private practice to deal mainly with small or domestic animals. This can be quite profitable, especially in big cities, but tends to get restricted to canine and feline pets.
Hospitals:- Veterinary surgeons attached to veterinary hospitals in cities may also find themselves handling mainly domestic pets. But the government postings could also be in rural areas where responsibilities extend to cattle, sheep, goats, horses, poultry, etc.
Extension Officers:- Veterinary doctors are required for extension programmes, i.e. they educate and encourage livestock farmers to build up the quality of their animal stock. They also advise on animal farm management and animal health problems.
Dairy Sector:- The veterinarian doctors employed by the dairy sector work at ensuring increasing yields in milk production, and also the health and breeding of dairy cattle.
Pharmaceutical Companies:- Veterinarians are employed in the pharmaceutical companies where they handle the production of vaccines, or the development of animal feeds and fertilizers.
Wildlife and Environment:- Vets play an important role in captive breeding of wild animals, particularly those feared to be getting extinct. This helps in maintaining the ecological balance and in catering to the health of wild animals.
Teaching:- Veterinarians also can join academic institutions as a teaching faculty.
The remuneration of a veterinarian varies on the basis of his practice and the animals which are under his treatment. In government veterinary centers/hospitals fresh graduates are appointed as junior veterinary surgeon. Their starting pay scale ranges between Rs.10, 000 – Rs.15, 000 per month. A private practitioner may get lucrative monetary returns depending on his popularity and experience. As an Assistant Professor, a vet can earn a salary over Rs 12000 to Rs 25000 on reaching senior level.
Institutes Offering Courses Veterinary Science
Several technical institutions and universities are offering various courses in Veterinary sciences. Please click here for a list of Institute offering courses in Veterinary Sciences.