Career Options - Career in Teaching,Career Prospects in Teaching,Institutes Offering Courses in Teaching

Career in Teaching

TeacherTeaching is a highly noble profession since it is on the teachers to build the society by imparting proper education to children.Through their intelligence, patience and wisdom, they attempt to not only hone the learner's intellect and aptitude but also, create a well-rounded personality. Teaching has an influence in developing ones mind and character and also gives the satisfaction of having sparked the light of knowledge and dispelled the clouds of ignorance.

As this field is so vast having areas of specializations, different skills and type of training are required for different levels. Areas of specialization include teaching at nursery schools, middle schools, high schools, colleges, universities, institutes, special schools etc. Each level calls for a different expertise. If you love to be with children, teaching at schools would be a good option, but if you want to be with young adults, it is better to look at the college or university level. Good teachers can bring out the best in every student. They are the ones who make a difference in the lives of their students. Rousing students from their apathy and watching their curiosity grow is one of the biggest rewards of teaching.

Course Details for Career In Teaching

From primary school all the way up to college, to arts and sports, training the handicapped, languages and so on, there is no limit to the various subjects and fields that a teacher-to-be can specialise in.

The various courses in teaching are :

Pre-primary teachers

Most polytechnics and vocational training centres conduct training for pre-school teachers. The preferred eligibility is Class XII with 50% aggregate. Personal attributes are, however, more important. There are Montessori teacher training schools which are privately owned in some large cities.

Primary TeacherTtraining

Teachers with diplomas in education / Bachelors in education teach the primary classes. Graduates of Home Science also serve as primary teachers

Secondary and Senior Secondary Teachers

Teachers having B Ed Degrees after graduation are called Trained Graduate Teachers (TGTs), after postgraduation they are called postgraduate trained teachers (PGTs). This training is imparted in teacher's training colleges.

Some universities offer these courses through correspondence

For in-service teachers to get trained. There are contact programmes for giving practical orientation. In 1996, the National council for Teacher Education (NCTE) has regulated the training of teachers. Correspondence/distance education courses are meant for teachers who are currently working.


College lecturers require a good academic record with at least 55% or an equivalent grade at master's degree level in the relevant subject from an Indian University or a foreign University. The eligibility test for lecturers, National Eligibility Test (NET), is conducted by UGC, CSIR or similar tests accredited by the UGC. The State level test SLET is for appointments within the state. The promotion is based on performance, duration of service, and research publications.

Nursery Teachers

Training of 1-2 years at Polytechnics/ Vocational Training Institutes.

After Graduation

(Any school subject),A Bachelors in Education (B Ed) for TGT Grade Jobs

After Post Graduation

(Any school subject), B Ed for PGT grade jobs.

After Postgraduation / M.Phil

Take the NET/ SLET Exam for College Teaching

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Career Prospects in Teaching

Teachers get employed in schools, colleges and universities. Besides they can always write course books, work as distance education tutors, conduct tutorial classes and serve as examiners.

Various Places where a teacher can seek employment

  • Play schools
  • Nursery schools
  • Primary/elementary schools
  • Secondary schools
  • Colleges
  • Universities
  • Educational research institutes
  • Special schools
  • Self employment by starting institutes/tutorials

TeacherNursery Schools: Nursery school teachers play a vital role in the social and intellectual development of children. They introduce children to numbers, language, science, social studies as well social interactions. Here games, music, artwork, computers and other tools are used to teach basic skills. While kindergarten teachers deal with children of 3 to 5 years, primary school teachers deal with those of 6 to 12 years.

The secondary school teachers instruct students from 8th to 12th standard. Usually they deal with one particular subject in which they specialize. Good base in the subject is a must.

Colleges/Universities: In universities or colleges there are lecturers and professors who specialize in a particular field. They give lectures, guidance and help the students in their academic and research work. Those who have organizing ability have a further scope to become a principal, vice-chancellor in the management level.

Special schools: A challenging area in the field of teaching is that of dealing with children having physical and mental handicap and learning disabilities. The work is emotionally and physically demanding which needs a lot of patience. They have to work in close association with parents and medical professionals like speech therapist, physiotherapist etc. It is different from the normal teaching norms as each child needs special care depending on his/her disability.


While teachers in nursery schools get somewhere around 5000 rupees to 6000 rupees in private school, their counterpart in the higher secondary stage may draw somewhere around 15,000 to 20000 rupees per month. Starting salary for lecturers 6,500 to Rs 10,500 at the entry level. At Senior level this goes up to around Rs 8000 to Rs 13,500. The pay scale of professors ranges from Rs 12,400 to Rs 22,400

Institutes Offering Courses in Teaching

There are many colleges that provide training for teachers. The list may well go up to around 1000 in the entire country.

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