Psychology is the study of mind. More precisely, it is scientific and systematic study of human and animal mind, behavior and thought. Study of psychology includes a diverse range of activities such as the processes of thinking, learning and perceiving, remembering, forgetting, physiology of the nervous system, development of children, social relationships and their effect on personality development, mental disorders, applications of psychology to the study of society, industry, education etc., techniques of experimenting and testing, and statistics. There is a wide variety of topics in the professional study of psychology and some overlapping occurs between the different specialized branches. The main area of psychological study is motives, reactions, feelings and nature of human and animal mind. Because of excessive material pursuits in life people are often suffer from mental frustration and depression due to lack of proper and adequate emotional support. Thus, there is growing demands for psychological councilors.
Courses Detail For a Career in Psychology
Psychology is offered as a subject at the Plus Two or equivalent level with a combination of other social sciences and statistics. At the graduate level, one can study psychology as an Honors subject in most universities. After graduation, one can opt for an MA or MSc in Psychology, Social work or Counseling. Specialisations in the subject can be pursued at the post graduate level or at the doctoral level- M.Phil or Ph.D, after post graduation. At the master's and doctoral level, education becomes increasingly specialized.
Post graduate courses in psychology are offered only to students who have graduated with psychology. Post graduate and doctoral degrees in Psychology puts emphasis on research. If your interest is in practice, i.e helping people with problems (counseling) you could opt for Psychology-related graduate programs such as education and social work
For those who do not wish to put in too many years of study, there are one year Diploma courses in Special Education or Mental Retardation.
EducationalCourses in Psychology:
For Bachelor program in psychology - 10+2
For Post graduate courses in psychology - Bachelor degree in psychology
For Ph.D./ M.Phil - PG or Diploma in psychology
Graduation in psychology is a 3 year program:
Post graduation is of 2 years duration and during the course, specialization in a special branch of psychology is possible.
M.Phil or Ph.D. is of 2 year duration.
Career Prospects in Psychology
The multi-faceted nature of the subject opens up wide range of job opportunities for psychologists. Career prospects in Psychology depend on the area of specialization. There is variety of options for psychologists. They can specialize in various areas such as
Clinical Psychologists - Clinical Psychologists work in counseling centers, independent or group practices, hospitals, community health centers or clinics. They help mentally and emotionally disturbed clients adjust to life and may help medical and surgical patients deal with illnesses or injuries. Areas of specialization within clinical psychology include health psychology, neuro psychology, and gero psychology.
Counseling Psychologists - Counseling is the skill of helping normal people, through discussion, to decide how best to cope in specific situations. Counseling psychologists deals with people who have serious emotional and personal problems. They use various techniques, including interviewing and testing, to advise people on how to deal with problems of everyday living.
Social Psychologists - Social psychologists work with social organizations and institutions in research, systems design or other applied psychology fields. They seek to understand the nature and causes of individual behavior with others and with the social environment.
Educational Psychologists - They work in schools and colleges with teachers, students, parents and administrators to resolve students learning and behavior problems. They may evaluate the effectiveness of academic programs, behavior management procedures, and other services provided in the school setting.
Industrial Psychologists - Industrial psychologists work for business, industry or government. They apply psychological principles and research methods to the workplace to improve the working conditions and productivity of employees. They also advise companies on ways of getting consumers interested in products and services.
Research psychologists -As researchers, psychologists proceed like scientists. They investigate the physical, cognitive, emotional, or social aspects of human behavior. They use laboratory experiments and various kinds of tests, interviews, questionnaires and surveys. Prominent areas of study in experimental research include motivation, thought, attention, learning and memory, sensory and perceptual processes, effects of substance abuse, and genetic and neurological factors affecting behavior.
Developmental psychologists - They study the physiological, cognitive, and social development that takes place throughout life. Some specialize in behavior during infancy, childhood, and adolescence, or changes that occur during maturity or old age.
Work of a professional psychologist is very tough but remunerative. Remuneration depends upon qualification, specialization and experience. Psychologist in school, collages and NGOs can easily get Rs 8000 to 10000 per month. In corporate house and industries earning is even higher. Teaching psychology is also a profitable job. However those are in private practice have also have good earnings.
The work of a professional psychologist is challenging and highly remunerative. Earnings depend on qualification, area of specialization and experience. The highest- paying position is for psychologists having M.Phil and Ph.D degree. Remunerations in the corporate sector are the highest, though salaries vary according to the level of involvement and the job profile. At the entry level the remuneration varies approximately from Rs. 5000/- to Rs.8000/-. Established consultants in any of the fields of specialization can earn at an average between Rs.8000 to Rs.10,000 or even more. Those are in private practice have much more earnings.
Institute Offering Courses in Psychology in India
Almost all universities in the country offer a course in Psychology. In Orissa, Utkal University and Sambalpur University offer graduate and Post graduate program in Psychology.