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Careers - Career in Legal Profession, Degree in Law, Career prospects in Legal Profession

Career in Legal Profession

Career in Legal ProfessionLaw is one of the highly respected professions in the world. Not only adventurous it is financially lucrative as well. Lawyers counsel clients about their legal rights and suggest course of action in a particular matter. They also advise clients and draw up legal documents, such as wills and contracts and conduct negotiations on legal matters, and may represent clients in court and tribunal proceedings.

A degree in Law equips one to not become an accomplished lawyer but also a businessman, bureaucrat, diplomat, social activist or academician. It goes without saying that financially, the profession is hugely rewarding. Good intellectual ability, the ability to assimilate and analyze facts quickly, excellent communication and presentation skills, self confidence, and physical and mental stamina to cope with the long hours of work and work related stress is what is needed to make a highly successful lawyer.

Course Details For Career in Legal Profession

Minimum qualification to go for a course in law (LLB) is 10+2. Course duration is of 5 years and is sponsored by the Bar Council Of India. P.G. Programmes in law (LLM) are of 2 years duration & eligibility is LLB degree.In addition to LL.B. degree, many universities and institutes also offer other diploma courses in several disciplines of law, including Administrative Law, International Law, Labour Laws, Tax Laws and Corporate Laws.

In most of the institutes/universities, selection is based on the an entrance test. The entrance examination is objective type in nature. The questions invariably cover areas like Reasoning, General Awareness, Numerical Aptitude, Legal Aptitude and Preliminary Political Science.Teaching is not restricted to the conventional class-room methods alone, it include case studies, mock court etc. to make the study more practical and interesting.

Various degrees associated with Law profession are:

B.A. L.L.B: This is a 5-year course and the students can pursue this course after passing Class 12.

L.L.B.: This is a 3-year course, open for graduates.

L.L.M.: This is a postgraduate course in Law. The duration of the course is 2year. Students can pursue this course after completing B.A. L.L.B. or L.L.B.

Students can specialize in any one of the following subjects:

  • Civil Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Corporate Law
  • Taxation Law
  • Labor Law
  • International Law
  • Family Law
  • Constitutional Law
  • Administration Law
  • Patent Law etc.

Career Prospects In Legal Profession

Career in Legal ProfessiojnThey can find employment in various courts of law, in government service both Central and State government, as teachers, as legal advisors in various companies, business houses, organizations etc. They also do private practice as legal advisors, advocates, solicitors etc. Lawyers can find employment in a variety of positions in the Government Service as well as other fields. Lawyer can also work as legal counsel and legal advisers for firms, organizations and families. They can work as trustees of various trusts, as teachers, law reporters, company secretary and so on. Opportunities exist in the defense services too. Additional qualification along with law degree offers scope for a wide range of employment opportunities. Lawyers are appointed in central services ( Indian legal service) through UPSC on grounds of their experience in the field. Post covered under Indian legal service is Law officers, Assistant Advisors, Dy. Legal Advisors and Legal Advisors.

State legal service appoints lawyers through SPSC exams in senior position in State police/Revenue/Judicial Departments. The basic qualification is degree in law, besides a degree in Arts / Science / Commerce / Agriculture. Average age limit is between 21 to 30 years. Apart from this there are various posts in the judiciary, like that of the magistrate, district and sessions judge, munsifs (sub-magistrate), public prosecutor, solicitors, attorney general, advocate general, notary and oath commissioner.

Mentioned below are the various fields where a lawyer can work:

Magistrate and Sub-Magistrate

Career in legal ProfessionA candidate who qualifies in the Law Service Commission or State Public Service Commission is eligible for appointment as Magistrate and Sub-Magistrate ( munsif). While magistrate presides over criminal court, munsif delivers judgment on civil cases. Promotion may take a person higher up to sub-judge, District and Sessions Courts Judge and further (depending upon seniority and vacancy) to appointments in High Courts and the Supreme Court.

Public Defenders

At the state, federal and local level, public defenders serve as court-appointed attorneys for those who cannot afford an attorney.

Public Prosecutor

Govt. Pleaders represent the State in sessions courts and lends advice to officers in districts in all legal matters when called for.

Solicitor

Advices the government on legal matters and submit statement of important cases to Attorney General of India for his opinion or appearance in the Supreme court as necessary. A Solicitor General makes sure that the Attorney General performs his duties properly.

Attorney General

Legal Profession as careerAttorney general appointed by the president advices the government of India on such legal matters as may be assigned to him by the president. He has the right of audience in all courts of India and participate in the proceedings of Parliament without the right to vote.

Advocate General

Similar to the post of Attorney General at centre, each state has an Advocate General appointed by State Governors. These offices generally prosecute cases that have statewide significance and work with local District Attorney's offices in the prosecution of cases. One of the best ways to gain trial experience quickly after graduation is to work at a state attorney's office.

District Attorney

Assistant State Attorneys (also called district attorneys) are primarily responsible for criminal matters and prosecution. The District Attorney is usually an elected official. Depending upon the size of the District Attorney's office, they may have multiple units that focus upon different types of crime such as domestic violence, homicide, appellate work or sex crimes. If you work with a smaller District Attorney's office, you may have the option of handling diverse caseloads.

Notary, Oath Commissioner

A notary is a legal practitioner of at least ten years experience in the profession. He is appointed on application to Central, State government to draw, verify, authenticate, certify and attest the execution of any deed. Oath commissioner is another established authority similar to the notary.

Legal Advisers

Public sector undertakings and state and central government organisations also employ lawyers as advisers.

Other fields

Lawyer can also work as legal counsel and legal advisers for firms, organizations and families. They can work as trustees of various trusts, as teachers, law reporters, company secretary and so on. Opportunities exist in the defense services too. Additional qualification along with law degree offers scope for a wide range of employment opportunities.

Defence Service

Legal profession as careerThey can work in the legal branches of defence departments such as the Indian army, Navy and Air force. They conduct courts of enquiry and court martials of offending service personnel governed by the particular legislation acts.

Legal Advisors

They work in legal departments of firms or for private clients. Legal advisors counsel their clients as to their legal rights and obligations and suggest the appropriate course of action in business and personal matters. They also check deeds, issue writs, collect information for affidavits and draft legal documents.

Advocate

An advocate practices in the court of law. He represents a party (individual, group of individuals or a company) in a court of law. They present the facts of the case to the judge, cross examine witnesses and finally sum up the reasons as to why the court should decide in their clients' favor.

Solicitor

Solicitor is a kind of advisor to clients on a variety of matters that involves law. Solicitors explain the cases of his clients to the advocates. Solicitors need never appear in court directly. Solicitor's firms undertake cases related to their area of work.

Teacher

Those with a good aptitude and taste for teaching, can go for LL.M and take up job in any University or Institute offering law courses to students.

Writer

If he has a flair for writing may act as an author and produce journals and legal commentaries and bring out law reports. They can write articles for magazines, news papers etc.

Company Secretary

A law graduate and/or a member of the Institute of Company Secretaries can be employed as a company secretary in a firm

Remuneration

Salaries of experienced attorneys vary widely according to the type, size, and location of their employer. Initially an articled clerk or apprentice earns a stipend of Rs 2,200/- This will increase substantially over years of experience. In the government judicial service, salaries range from Rs 2,000-4,000. A sub judge earns Rs 5,500 along with the usual allowances and perquisites applicable to government employees. Most salaried lawyers are provided health and life insurance, and contributions are made on their behalf to retirement plans. The private legal practitioner earns comparatively handsome amounts.

Institutes Offering Courses in Legal Profession

There are many institutes in India that provide courses in Legal Profession.Please click here for detailed list of institutes offering courses on legal profession.

 

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