Career in Agricultural Engineering
Agriculture is the main occupation of nearly 70% of entire population of India.Apart from this it is also the mainstay of Indian economy as the revenue generated from agriculture is responsible for taking care of maximum portion of its population.And with time, agriculture is no longer has evolved into a scientific and methodological trade that involves more than one profession.
Agricultural engineers are responsible for designing agricultural tools and equipment . These engineers can either specialize in designing power and machine systems (for environmental or agricultural purposes) or be involved in food and bioprocess. Soil and water conservation as well as agricultural processing are some of their concerns. Agricultural engineers may work in R&D operation or sales or management.
Basic training in agriculture is offered as a Bachelor's degree course of three to four years duration at all the agricultural universities in the country. The minimum eligibility for admission to B.Sc.(Ag.) course is a pass in the plus two or equivalent examination with science or agriculture. Many universities fix a minimum aggregate of 50% marks to be obtained in the qualifying examination.
Admission to the different universities may be based on merit or performance in an entrance examination. Notifications of the courses at various places appear from January onwards, while the sessions usually start off between July and September.
More than 40 colleges offer the B.Sc.(Ag.) course, as also the M.Sc.(Ag.) course. Specialisations in agriculture include agricultural economics, agricultural chemistry, animal husbandary and dairy, horticulture, farming system management and agricultural marketing management. Also there are around 20 institutions offering BE Agricultural Engineering Courses.
Career Prospects In Agricultural Engineering
Agricultural Engineers have bright career prospects. Upon graduating or post-graduating in Agriculture and allied sciences, the options and opportunities of a career are many. State Department of Agriculture recruits Agricultural Engineers as agricultural officers for the development of agriculture in a district. There are also private firms investing money in medicinal crops and plantation crops who generally recruit agricultural engineers. Some agricultural engineers can look towards NGOs working in rural areas. Those interested in research activities can join IARI as junior fellow researcher and become agricultural scientists. Now banks giving advance credit and loans to agriculture and agri-based projects are also employing agriculture experts for evaluation of crops. Teaching agriculture and allied subjects is also an option available to these students. Moreover some down to earth agricultural engineer can also engage them in innovative farming.
The basic pay scale in government institutions for agricultural engineer is Rs 10000 to Rs 20000 depending upon seniority. Agricultural engineers in private sector may get better salary form Rs 20000 to Rs 35000. Those who are working with NGOs are also earning good amount. Besides those who opt to open their own farm is also earning good returns depending upon the size of farm and crops grown.
Institutes Offering Courses in Agricultural Engineering
There are many agriculture specific institutions in India that offer BE/B.Tech in agriculture.Please click here for a list of colleges that offer courses in Agricultural Engineering.